Document Type : Review Article


1 School of Public Health, SRM Medical College, Kattankulathur, Chennai, 603203, India

2 School of Engineering and Technology, The Assam Kaziranga University, Jorhat, Assam, 785006, India

3 Materials Chemistry Department, CSIR-Institute of Minerals & Materials Technology, Bhubaneswar, Odisha 751013, India

4 Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, 201002, India


Metal Oxide Nanoparticles (MONPs) have become an important section of nanoparticles, and these nanomaterials have been utilized in different application fields. Thus, it’s very important to understand the major and feasible synthesis methods that are involved during the production of MONPs. In our review, we are highlighting some major processes for their synthesis and morphology. This review highlights the status, potential, challenges, and feasibility of different processes like sol-gel, CVD, thermal, flame spray, biological synthesis, and other major techniques to synthesize and their applications. Synthesis of nanomaterial through environmentally friendly and greener routes, which greatly impacts different applications, has also been studied as it has received massive attention as a sustainable, feasible, reliable, and cost-effective route in different fields. These artificially created MONPs exhibit distinct physical and chemical characteristics owing to their substantial surface area and nanoscale dimensions. Their exceptional size, shape, and structure further influence their reactivity, resilience, and diverse properties. Thanks to these attributes, they find wide-ranging uses in commercial and domestic applications, such as catalysis, antimicrobial treatments, bio-sensors, electro-sensors, as well as agriculture and various other significant fields. This review paper states major applications of these MONPs have great aspects and potential in the future and will help researchers gain further insights into these fields.

Graphical Abstract

Recent Advancements of Metal Oxide Nanoparticles and their Potential Applications: A Review


Main Subjects