Aim of this work is to study the synthesis of CdS thin films by eco-friendly rout and analyze the change in structural and optical properties of material due to use of biomolecules as a stabilizing agent. The CdS thin films were deposited in lemon extract and ammonia solution separately by maintaining the same physical parameters and analyzed for tailoring of structural and optical properties. Green-CBD method minimizes the use of toxic precursors and volatilization of ammonia solution. X-Ray Diffraction study indicates formation of face centered cubic crystalline phase predominantly for CdS thin films materials with change in grain size. SEM analysis revealed the formation of CdS nanospheres in ammonia while CdS nanocubes in lemon extract. The direct allowed band gap energy was observed in the order of 2.45 eV and 2.25 eV which were interesting for optical studies. UV-Vis Absorption spectra and PL spectra of thin films indicates the CdS thin film material has absorption maxima in visible (400-800 nm) region. As synthesized CdS thin films were applied for photodegradation of Rhodamine-B dye solution under sunlight. The CdS thin film material deposited by Green-CBD rout shows high efficiency for degradation of Rhodamine-B solution as compared to films deposited by CBD method.