Carbon nanotubes are among the most anisotropic materials known and have extremely high values of Young's modulus. The possibilities to enhance the properties of nanostructured surfaces were demonstrated on “polymer-multiwall carbon nanotube” composites. Influence of sp < sup > 3 hybridization bonds on polymer crystallization and strengthening was investigated in composite films of polyethyleneimine, polypropylene and polyamide with multiwall carbon nanotubes. It was established that the effective way to enhance the strength properties of “polymer-multiwall carbon nanotube” composites is the composite crystallization and sp < sup > 3 C-C tetrahedrons organization between nanotubes supported by resonance γω(C?)? and γω(CH2) vibrations in the intrinsic electric field 6×10 3 V/cm between nanotube and polymer matrix. Tensile strength for polyamide-6 composites at 0.25% CNT increases 1.7 times and tensile deformation – 2.3 times.