Over the past few years thin film planar heterojunctions solar cells have made much progress as a low cost with high power conversion efficiency photovoltaic devices. Among the materials used in fabricating such solar cells organometal trihalide perovskite (MAPbI3) has proven to be a promising absorber material due to cheaper organic-inorganic perovskite compounds, abundantly available in nature, ease of fabrication and compatible with low temperature large scale processing. In addition to the efficient absorption in ultra-violet range the material possess intriguing optoelectronic properties such as high crystallinity, high carrier mobility and large carrier diffusion lengths. Currently, the highest power conversion efficiency achieved by such perovskite solar cells is only 23.9% as reported in 2017. In this work we demonstrate a thin film organometal trihalide perovskite solar cell with hybrid interfaces between different materials which are selected after extensive study to achieve reduced recombination and high performance. Further, the absorption of the incident solar spectrum is enhanced by incorporating a 1D photonic crystal at the bottom of the cell facilitating the photon recycling process. The proposed solar cell parameters are numerically computed using rigorous coupled wave algorithm through SYNOPSYS RSOFT CAD tool. The thickness of each layer of the structure is optimized using MOST scanning and optimization module of RSOFT CAD tool to achieve highest power conversion efficiency at minimum device thickness (~2 µm). The power conversion efficiency thus obtained is 25.2% with a fill factor of 86.3% at AM 1.5, which is very promising. This demonstrates the remarkable potential of the proposed design to achieve efficiencies over 20% and compete with the existing crystalline silicon photovoltaic market. 

Graphical Abstract

Enhancing absorption in thin film organometal trihalide perovskite solar cell by photon recycling