Electronic excitation induced modifications of nanostructured Ni-Ti shape memory alloy thin films
Advanced Materials Letters,
2017, Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 486-492
In the present work, the effects of 120 MeV Au ion irradiation at different fluences ranging from 1×10 12 to 3×10 13 ions/cm 2 on structural and electrical properties of thin films of Nickel-titanium (Ni-Ti) shape memory alloys (SMAs) grown on Si substrate using DC magnetron co-sputtering is studied. The surface morphology, crystallization and phase transformation behaviour of these films were investigated using field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Four-terminal resistivity measurement method. XRD pattern reveals that both the phases-martensite as well as austenite exist in the pristine film. Resistivity measurements revealed a two way transformation from cubic to rhombohedral and from rhombohedral to monoclinic phase in pristine film and decrease in its transformation temperature with increased fluence. At higher fluences 5×10 12 and 1×10 13 ions/cm 2 , films showed non-metallic behaviour which could be due to the disorder occurring in these films due to ion impact and precipitate formation. The elemental composition of pristine film is determined by Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy.
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