Study of Pb(Zr0.65Ti0.35)O3(PZT(65/35) doping on structural, dielectric and conductivity properties of BaTiO3(BT) ceramics
Advanced Materials Letters,
2011, Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 148-152
Abstract(1−x)BaTiO3–xPZT(65/35) ceramics were prepared by high temperature solid state reaction technique. Structural properties of the compounds were examined using an X-ray diffraction (XRD) technique to confirm the formation of phase at room temperature. Detailed studies of dielectric properties of (1−x) BaTiO3–xPZT(65/35) for all compositions were in temperature range 30-200 o C reveal that the compound have transition temperature well above at the room temperature. While pure BaTiO3 ceramics exhibited a sharp phase transformation expected for normal ferroelectrics, phase transformation behavior of the (1−x)BaTiO3–xPZT(65/35) solid solutions became more diffuse with increasing PZT(65/35) contents. The diffusivity of the dielectric peaks in the compound exhibited the values between 1 and 2 where the higher value indicates the greater disorder in the systems. This was primarily evidenced by an increased broadness in the dielectric peak, with a maximum peak width occurring at x = 0.5. The temperature dependence of ac conductivity indicated that the electrical conductivity decrease above Tc on increasing the PZT(65/35) contents. This increase in the conductivity is attributed to the increase in polarizability of the materials around Tc, due to oxygen vacancies.
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