Gadolinium (Gd) doped titanate nanostructures (NS) with a new set of 10-50 wt. % of Gd were synthesized by microwave-assisted hydrothermal and reduction using hydrazine hydrate. The crystal structure has been evaluated with SEM (scanning electron microscopy) analysis exhibited rod like geometry of nanoparticles (NPs). XRD (X-ray diffraction spectroscopy) analysis of GdTiO3 and undoped titanate nanostructure (NS) intense peak exhibited crystal tetragonal structure. CV (cyclic voltammetry) exhibited an oxidation potential of 50 wt. % of GdTiO3 was found to be - 0.54 eV. UV-Visible spectroscopic revealed absorptivity of 50 wt. % of GdTiO3 was found to be 650 nm (visible region) and undoped titanate absorptivity at 320 nm (UV region). The pelletized nanostructures of GdTiO3 were investigated for current-voltage (I-V), capacitance-voltage (C-V), resistance-voltage (R-V) measurements, which showed frequency range in between 1 kHz to 2 MHz and 50 wt. % GdTiO3 NS showed a decreasing trend in admittance value with an increase in frequency. However, an increase in the conductance, power dissipation values with a decrease in resistivity, and increase in the frequency has been noticed which embark considerable variation in conductivity and power dissipation in GdTiO3 NS. The results from the plots of current-voltage (I-V), capacitance-voltage (C-V), and bias voltage with an applied frequency of the GdTiO3 NS has been discussed.

Graphical Abstract

Synthesis, Impedance and Current-Voltage Spectroscopic Characterization of Novel Gadolinium Titanate Nano Structures