Keywords : compatibility

Polycaprolactone/organoclay biodegradable nanocomposites: dissimilar tendencies of different clay modifiers

Romina P. Ollier; Matias R. Lanfranconi; Vera A. Alvarez; Leandro N. Ludue

Advanced Materials Letters, 2018, Volume 9, Issue 11, Pages 796-804
DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2018.1828

In this work, biodegradable nanocomposites based on polycaprolactone (PCL) reinforced with 2.5, 5.0 and 7.5 wt.% of two different clays, a commercial organo-clay (Cloisite 20A, C20A) and a laboratory modified bentonite with tributylhexadecyl phosphonium bromide (bTBHP), were prepared by melt intercalation followed by compression molding. The study contemplates the analysis of chemical (Infrared Spectrometry, FTIR), morphological (X-Ray Diffractometry, XRD, Scanning Electron Microscopy, SEM, and Transmission Electron Microscopy, TEM), rheological, thermal (Differential Scanning Calorimetry, DSC, and Thermogravimetrical Analysis, TGA) and mechanical properties (tensile tests), which are important properties for packaging applications.In previous works, we concluded that higher clay dispersion degree inside the PCL matrix is expected when clays with large interlayer distance, strong hydrophobicity and strong processing stability are used. In the present work, the opposite result was obtained. Although the phosphonium treated clay (bTBHP) showed the largest interlayer distance (d001), strongest hydrophobicity and the best processing stability, the clay dispersion degree inside PCL was worse than in the case of the alkylammonium treated clay (C20A). PCL/bTBHP nanocomposites showed weaker mechanical properties in comparison with PCL/C20A ones, which is in accordance with the morphological analysis. On the other hand, the thermal properties of the matrix were not substantially affected by clay incorporation in both nanocomposites. 

Encapsulation And Release Characteristics Of Marigold Oleoresin In Chitosan Grafted Sodium Acrylate-acrylate-co-acrylamide

Shruthi. S. B; Pratik Roy; R. R. N. Sailaja; Chandan Sengupta

Advanced Materials Letters, 2016, Volume 7, Issue 10, Pages 795-801
DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2016.6342

Marigold oleoresin has been widely used in the pharmaceutical industry because of its medicinal properties. In this study, marigold oleoresin was encapsulated in chitosan grafted sodium acrylate-co-acrylamide. Emulsification process was used to prepare the beads containing marigold oleoresin and the grafted polymer was characterized using FTIR, SEM and TGA. The properties of the beads such as size, swelling characteristics, encapsulation efficiency and release kinetics were studied. The bead size was in the range of 0.46 to 1.05 mm. The antimicrobial activity and cyto-compatibility studies of marigold oleoresin were also conducted. The marigold oleoresin beads showed zero order release kinetics.