Keywords : grain size


Liquid Petrolium Gas Sensor Based On Nanocrystallite Mg0.6Cd0.4Fe2O4

A. B. Gadkari; T.J. Shinde; P.N. Vasambekar

Advanced Materials Letters, 2013, Volume 4, Issue 7, Pages 573-576
DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2012.10430

The Mg0.6Cd0.4Fe2O4 ferrite powder was synthesized by oxalate co-precipitation method. The crystal structure and surface morphology were examined by XRD, SEM and FT-IR techniques. The nanocrystallite Mg0.6Cd0.4Fe2O4 sensor was tested for LPG, Cl2 and C2H5OH. The sensitivity was measured at various operating temperatures in the range of 100-400 o C. The sensor shows highest sensitivity at operating temperature 225 o C for LPG (~ 78%). It shows good sensitivity at operating temperature of 198 o C for Cl2 (~75%) and ethanol (~ 65%). The sensor exhibits a lower response and recovery time for LPG and Cl2 as compared to C2H5OH.

Effect Of Sintering Temperature On Structural And Electrical Switching Properties Of Cadmium Ferrite 

S.P. Dalawai; A.B. Gadkari; T.J. Shinde; P.N. Vasambekar

Advanced Materials Letters, 2013, Volume 4, Issue 7, Pages 586-590
DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2012.10431

Cadmium ferrite was prepared by standard ceramic method and characterized by XRD, IR and SEM techniques. The X-ray analysis confirms the formation of single phase cubic spinel structure. The lattice constant decreases slightly and porosity increases with increase in sintering temperature. The crystallite size of the samples lies in the range of 22.83 to 24.44 nm. The IR study shows two absorption bands around 400 cm -1 and 600 cm -1 corresponding to octahedral and tetrahedral sites respectively. The grain size increases and switching field decreases with increases in sintering temperature.

Structural, Dielectric And Conductivity Properties Of Ba2+ doped (Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3 ceramic 

Meera Rawat; K. L. Yadav; Amit Kumar; Piyush Kumar Patel; Nidhi Adhlakha; Jyoti Rani

Advanced Materials Letters, 2012, Volume 3, Issue 4, Pages 286-292
DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2012.2322

Polycrystalline (Bi0.5Na0.5)1-xBaxTiO3 [here after BNBT], x = 0, 0.02, 0.04, 0.06, 0.08, and 0.1 ceramics have been synthesized by conventional solid state reaction process and were characterized by X-ray diffraction technique, which indicates that on substitution of Ba 2+ in Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3 (BNT) ceramic there is splitting of the (2 0 0) peak for x ≥ 0.06. This splitting in the peak position reveals that the composition BNBT-0.06 is well in Morphotropic Phase Boundary (MPB) region where rhombohedral and tetragonal phase co-exist. Scanning electron micrograph shows decrease in grain size from 0.66 to 0.53 μm with increasing concentration of Ba 2+ ; and the dielectric constant of Ba 2+ doped BNT ceramics increased with decreasing grain sizes and a maximum value was attained at size of 0.54 ~ 0.56 μm. Doped BNT ceramic also exhibit diffuse phase transition and are characterised by a strong temperature and frequency dispersion of the permittivity which would be connected with the cation disorder in A-site of perovskite unit cell. Complex impedance spectroscopy is used to analyze the electrical behaviour of BNBT, which indicates the presence of grain effect and the composition exhibits Negative Temperature coefficient of resistance (NTCR) behaviour. The compounds exhibit Arrhenius type of electrical conductivity and the presence of non-Debye type of relaxation has been confirmed from impedance analysis.